EMDR研究 第7巻 第1号 2015年5月
幸田有史＊1，華園力＊2，小倉正義＊3 ……………… p3
EMDR研究，7 ; 3-15, 2015
The Supports to Children Who Suffered from Secondary Problems or
Comorbidities with Developmental Disorders : The Role of EMDR
─Looking Back to the Symposium of 9th JEMDRA─
Arifumi Yukita＊1, Tsutomu Hanazono＊2, Masayoshi Ogura＊3
In this paper, we reconstructed the contents of symposium entitled “The Supports to Children that suffered from Secondary Problems or Comorbidities with Developmental Disorders ─The Role of EMDR” which was held at 9th JEMDRA Meeting. This paper focused on children’s autism spectrum disorder which had the properties of easily traumatized because of this disorder. First of all, we discussed about the necessities of understanding their cognitive individualities. Secondary, we emphasized（1）the importance of the appropriative attention, education and supports according to their cognitive individualities,（2）especially the importance of structured, visualized and scheduled supports, and that（3）cognitive modification or treatment of traumatic disorders（e.g., EMDR）would be effective, if necessary. Finally, in case of interventions to children that suffered from secondary problems or comorbidities with developmental disorders, we suggested to organize each case in five perspectives and five procedures. We discussed that it would be necessary for therapists to position EMDR in the holistic treatment plan with these perspectives and procedures.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 7 ; 3-15, 2015
Key words：developmental disorder, secondary disorder, cognitive individuality, EMDR
＊1 Arifumi Yukita：Kyoto-shi Child Well-being Center, 910-25 Takeyamachi-Senbon-higashiiru-Shuzeicho, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto, 604-0802 Japan.
＊2 Tsutomu Hanazono：Shiga Medical Center for Children.
＊3 Masayoshi Ogura：Naruto University of Education.
青木佐奈枝＊ ……………… p16
Characteristics of Clients Unable to Construct a Feeling of Safety in Their “Safe Place”
The “safe place” is one of the most common stabilization approaches used in EMDR. The objective of this study is to consider the characteristics of clients who are unable to achieve a sense of safety in their safe places. Eleven persons with symptoms of psychic trauma were the subjects. The “safe places” of the group able to achieve a feeling of safety （7s） were compared with those of the group unable to achieve it （4s）. Results show that the latter had “safe places” that were simple and static. There were no sounds or tactile images, and thus no actively physical sensations. Further, this group lacking a feeling of safety consisted of two types. The first had overall suppressed images that failed to evoke a feeling of safety, and the second had unpleasant emotions mixed into their images that prevented a sense of safety. When the psychological tests of these two types were compared, the first had suppressed emotions and thinking, making it difficult for them to realize their conditions. The second type had more active emotions and thoughts, but they tended to get negative emotions mixed in with positive ones.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 7 ; 16-25, 2015
Key words：“safe place”, stabilization, assessment, DES, Rorschach test
＊1 University of Tsukuba. 1-1-1, Tenno-dai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8574 Japan.
小川邦治＊ ……………… p26
EMDR研究，7 ; 26-36, 2015
Application of EMDR to a Person with Occupational Maladjustment Syndrome
An intervention for mental health problems at the workplace has been conducted from the perspective of preventive medicine. Recently, support has been provided mainly for those who return to work after suffering from depression. However, such support is still provided on a trial and error basis. This paper reports a case of an employee who had a depressive state and became unable to go to work and took sick leave for medical treatment. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing （EMDR） was applied to the employee and the symptoms improved. As a result, this person was able to get back to work and become readjusted to the old job. Based on this case study, the application of EMDR to job maladjustment and trauma is discussed.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 7 ; 26-36, 2015
Key words：occupational maladjustment syndrome, supporting return to work, work related trauma, EMDR
＊ Seinan Gakuin University. 6-2-92 Nishijin, Sawara-ku, Fukuoka, 814-8511 Japan.
小山繭子＊1, 2，菊池安希子＊1 ……………… p37
EMDR研究，7 ; 37-43, 2015
Examining the Effectiveness of RDI in School Counselling
Mayuko Koyama＊1, 2, Akiko Kikuchi＊1
In this study we will report on the case of a second grade junior high school student girl who had difficulty going to school but was able to return back to school after receiving RDI in the school consultation room by a school counsellor （SC hereafter）. The subject had symptoms of headache since June in her second year at junior high school and after the summer vacation a vague uncertainty and fear towards school emerged and it became difficult for her to go to school. In the sessions with the SC, one technique of EMDR called RDI was used for ego strengthening and emotional stabilization. After implementing RDI and carrying out graded in vivo exposure, the number of times she was able to go to school gradually increased and after April in her third year she was able to return back to school fully. RDI was found to be an intervention which can be used safely in school counselling with its low occurrence of abreaction and minimal invasiveness since it does not progress to the desensitization phase of the standard EMDR protocol.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 7 ; 37-43, 2015
Key words：RDI, affect regulation, self-control，self-efficacy
＊1Mayuko Koyama, Akiko Kikuchi：National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry. 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi-machi, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo, 187-8553 Japan
＊2Mayuko Koyama：medical corporation, Futakotamagawakokorono clinic.