EMDR研究 第1巻 第1号 2009年5月
市井雅哉 ……………… p3
フランシーン・シャピロ ……………… p6
アンドリュー・M・リーズ ……………… p8
太田茂之 ……………… p10
市井雅哉 ……………… p11
福井義一＊ ……………… p12
キーワード：解離性体験，DES（Dissociative Experience Scale），青年期，EMDR
Discussion on the use of Dissociative Experience Scale (DES)
—Frequency of dissociative experiences among adolescences—
This research aims to look at the frequency of dissociative experiences among adolescent population, and collect basic data. Dissociative Experiences Scale （DES） was administered to 816 university students. The results on each item were analyzed and they were very similar to those of previous studies. I-T correlation and G-P analyses results indicate that discriminate power for each item is at best when cut-off of 25 or less is applied. Since the data was not distributed normally, test for median was performed and the same result was obtained. On top of that, to secure the normal distribution of the data, square root transformation was undertaken before the two analyses were performed. The results suggest that on G-P analysis, in order to increase discriminate power, the cut-off needs to be less than 16. However, when false negative and positive were taken into consideration, it was off from practical use. And when compared with other researches, it became apparent that depending on the context of measurers used with DES, there is a possibility of subjects being biased. Also it was suggested that items on DES are useful in screening DID but they are not measuring the overall spectrum of dissociative disorder.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 1 ; 12-23, 2009
Key words：dissociative experience, DES （Dissociative Experiences Scale）, adolescence, EMDR
＊Tokai-gakuin University. 5-68, Nakakirino-cho, Kakamigahara-shi, Gifu, 504-8511 Japan.
天野玉記＊1，市井雅哉＊2 ……………… p24
Treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) with EMDR
Tamaki Amano＊1, Masaya Ichii＊2
Non-pharmacological therapies such as Reminiscence therapy and Validation therapy which access to past memories in the treatment of BPSD （behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia） have been proven to be effective. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing （EMDR）, another form of therapy which also accesses to memory, has been proven effective in the processing of traumatic memories. In this paper, two BPSD cases believed to be caused by traumatic memories and treated by EMDR are discussed: the first with a 67-year-old female patient suffering from early-onset Alzheimer’s disease, and the second with an 85-year-old male patient suffering from vascular dementia. As a result of processing traumatic memories with EMDR, the female patient’s chronic cursing decreases and she smiles more often, and the male patient’s restlessness and loud voice are drastically reduced. These results indicate EMDR as an effective psychotherapy for some BPSD cases which are caused by traumatic memories.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 1 ; 24-33, 2009
Key words： behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia（BPSD）, non-pharmacological therapies, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing（EMDR）, resource development and installation（RDI）
＊1 Nursing Home for the elderly, Kiyosumi-en. 555, Kiyosumi, Shikito-cho, Himeji-shi, Hyogo, 671-0205 Japan
＊2 Center for Research on Human Development and Clinical Psychology, Hyogo University of Teacher Education.
近藤千加子＊ ……………… p34
EMDR研究，1 ; 34-43, 2009
EMDR with a violent child at school
—Collaborative treatment for an abused child who witnessed her mother’s suicide—
Chikako Kondo, Ph.D.＊
The junior high school girl in this case witnessed her mother’s suicide at the age of four. She has been acting violently since she entered elementary school. One year before the author met her, a consultation office for children intervened due to physical abuse by her father. Flashbacks and dissociation caused wrist cutting and panic. After a few EMDR sessions, wrist cutting, panic and PTSD symptoms disappeared. As she gained affect regulation skills, she gradually improved her interpersonal relationship and began to trust others. The consultation activities by a school counselor, namely the offering of psycho-educational information to the school, supporting teachers and improving teacher’s psychological understandings about her, was also important in addition to individual treatment. The author discussed about the treatment of school children survivors who rarely visit mental or medical institutions.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 1 ; 34-43, 2009
Key words：child abuse, collaboration at school, PTSD, EMDR
＊Aich Gakuin University. 12, Araike, Iwasaki-cho, Nisshin-shi, Aichi, 470-0195 Japan.
川 村 渉＊ ……………… p44
治療の流れは，クライエントのターゲットメモリーが特殊であったことから，一般的なEMDRセッションとは違った展開を見せた。すべてのEMDRセッションにおいて，クライエントはターゲットとなる外傷的な記憶を最初から最後まで順番にチェックしていった。治療者は否定的なイメージを抑えるための技法を教え，クライエント自身が持つ幸せなイメージを視覚化した。クライエントは，守られた枠の中で感情を解放することで，自分の価値を取り戻すことができた。 EMDR研究，1 ; 44-52, 2009
EMDR sessions of a woman with obsessive-compulsive disorder
The subject of this paper is a woman with obsessive-compulsive disorder who had previously worked as a nurse, and underwent EMDR treatment. She obsessively blamed herself, stating “The patient might have died as a result of my mistake”. Being convinced of her own guilt, she started showing maladjustment, and subsequently quitted working.
Her treatment showed modification that strayed from the regular course of standard EMDR sessions due to the uniqueness of the target memories. In all EMDR sessions, she checked the traumatic memories from first to last. The therapist had her visualize images of happiness from her own experience and taught her a technique to suppress negative images. By expressing her feelings in a protected clinical environment, she was able to recover the self-esteem.
Japanese Journal of EMDR Research & Practice, 1 ; 44-52, 2009
Key words：obsessive-compulsive disorder, protocols for special situations, target memory
＊Iwaya Hospital. 1-2, Azaiwayashita, Iwaya-cho, Toyohashi-shi, Aichi, 440-0842 Japan.